Why Did The Chinese Kill Sparrows | Sparrow Extermination China | When China Killed Sparrows | Did China Killed Sparrows |
Sparrow Extermination China
Nature flows at its own pace like a mountain spring. Unable to adapt to the ever-changing laws of nature, all the monstrous creatures, including dinosaurs and mammoths, got lost. According to the ants, small animals have also remained in the existing good. Only the fittest creatures survive – that is the law of nature. And sitting at the peak of arrogance, those who have lost the right knowledge and pointed the thumbs up to the laws of nature, and have crossed the line, every time the cruel retaliation of nature has come upon them as a result. Nature never forgives transgressors. It is the constant play of destiny.
There have been many catastrophes in the history of human civilization. However, the natural disaster that struck China in 1956 may never have been imagined by anyone.
Mao Zedong, the father of the People’s Republic of China, decided one day that it was time to eradicate sparrows from the environment. That order was also properly obeyed. But nature did not tolerate such injustice, so the natural disaster started. The death toll from the disaster rose to 45 million in the next three years.
It all started nine years ago. In 1949, power in China passed to the Communist Party. That year, Mao Zedong announced the “Great Leap Forward” project, aimed at rapidly transforming China’s economy. The aim of this social and economic project was to bring the agro-industry across the country under full state control by conducting agriculture and agricultural activities with government funding. Individual small-scale farming was also banned as part of China’s transition to a communist government. They were trying their best to make the agrarian revolution a success.
One of the first steps Mao Zedong took to integrate agriculture as crop protection. Reports to him from different parts of the country said that a large number of sparrows living around us had eaten a significant amount of crops. And so to solve this problem, Mao Zedong ordered to kill all the sparrows from the country.
According to Dai King, an environmental activist, Mao knew nothing special about animals. He never discussed his plans with anyone. Again, he did not borrow the opinion of experts. He himself decided that they would be killed.
Why Did The Chinese Kill Sparrows
According to Chinese scientists, each sparrow eats about 4.5 kg of grain a year. If every one million sparrows could be killed, it would be possible to provide food for an estimated 60,000 people.
But the extinction of sparrows overnight from the country, which covers an area of about 96 million square kilometers, is no longer a trivial matter. So there was a lot of research on how sparrows die. At the end of the study, after the final decision was made, a massive campaign was launched to inform the public about their responsibilities.
In the end, the method is such that every citizen will chase the birds all day long to find the nest of the nearest sparrow. All together they will make a loud noise so that the birds will not go down anywhere. When you get tired of flying like this and fall down on the birds, you have to catch and kill them.
The Great Sparrow Campaign begins! With the pull of patriotism (!), Everyone jumped into the program of killing sparrows in groups.
A Shanghai newspaper described the day as follows: China Sparrow Extermination
On the morning of the 13th of December, the battle of the sparrows was heard everywhere. Red flags were seen on the big six roads. Numerous crows and puppets are standing around. School-college students, government office workers, factory workers, peasants, the People’s Liberation Army are all running to win the war. In Ginseng District, 60,000 crows and millions of colorful flags have been erected overnight. Kaktaruya can be seen everywhere in Jietu Road, Juhu district, Yangpu Road, Yulin District.
Basically, young people are caught in the act of catching sparrows, chasing them, killing them with poison. And the old and the children have been given the responsibility of guard. The workers of the factories of the city also wanted to take part in this war. Earlier, they had assured that they would meet the production target of the day. In places where the number of people is relatively low, more than one and a half hundred free-fire zones were set up to conduct combat operations smoothly. The rifle team of Nanyang Girls Middle School has also been given special training on bird hunting.
The housewives came out of the house with plates, bowls, pots, and pans. They tried to carry out their civic duties by using them as shields by hitting them with spoons or sticks.
When China Killed Sparrows
When China Killed Sparrows: Destroying sparrow nests, breaking eggs, shooting, capturing, and poisoning were the mainstays of the horrific program of the day. This is how the residents of Shanghai started fighting against the sparrows. According to estimates, about 194,432 sparrows were killed as of 8 p.m. That only accounted for Shanghai. Can you imagine the number of killed sparrows in the whole country?
According to CountryEconomy.com, the population of China in 1958 was 659,943,000. In that case, if every citizen killed even one bird, then the number of sparrows that lost their lives that day would be about 659 million!
It is to be noted that rats, flies, and mosquitoes have been eradicated in China for many years. The aim of the project, called ‘The Four Pests Campaign, was to make the daily living environment of Chinese citizens healthier. One of the steps of Mao Zedong’s cultural revolution was to ensure health care for all sections of the population in the country. However, sparrows were killed for agricultural purposes only.
Every element of nature is included in the chain at some point. They are intimately involved with each other. So somehow when one of the corners of these elements is damaged, the ecological balance is lost. And as always, nature takes on the responsibility of restoring balance. It did not take long for the Chinese to pay the price for such foolish actions. Dhaye Else is a cruel blow to nature.
First of all, in addition to grains, sparrows also eat a variety of insects. With the extinction of sparrows, the number of geckos increased exponentially. In this way, the crop fields start to be overgrown with harmful pests. As a result, the grain that had been saved so much went into the stomach of the beetle. In a very short time, the granaries became empty. There is also a shortage of food stored by the common people. Millions of people are facing a food crisis. Famine appears. This famine is known as ‘The Great Feminine’.
Before these shocks of famine and food shortage were overcome, a new shock hit Ela. Following the launch of The Great Leap Forward project, in April 1959, the government ordered the people to make steel bananas, the main purpose of which was to capture the United States and the United Kingdom in the competition of the iron industry.
Steel utensils were used for household purposes in China at that time. Lahar pots, plates, bowls, plates were confiscated from each house. People were instructed to make steel bananas in their backyards. Agriculture became more sluggish.
The famine had taken a terrible turn by then. According to official Chinese government documents, the death toll from the food crisis was 15 million. However, according to important figures in the country, the number is 45 million or more than 78 million.
In his book Tombstone: The Great Chinese Famine, Chinese journalist Yong Jisheng mentions that 36 million people died. Shortly after the publication of the book, which focused on the secrets of China’s internal affairs, a ban was announced in China.
However, the Chinese government could not erase the stigma of this scandalous chapter. In an interview with NPR in 2012, Young said that according to government documents, there were thousands of cases where people ate people during the food crisis. Parents ate their child out of hunger, the child ate his parents was such a thing every day.
The fate of the Chinese did not end with the extreme food crisis, famine, and bloodshed as a result of the killing of sparrows. This was followed by a severe drought in China in the 1960s, with the new agricultural system set up by the central government failing.
The biggest problem, however, was that the Chinese communist government, in an attempt to cover up the problem in front of the world, refused to distribute the stored food to the public.
Although there was no crop in the grain field, there was sufficient food stock in the government warehouse at that time. However, for some strange reason, the central government did not take any steps to make the food available to the public. On top of that, he would have been brutally killed if anyone had spoken out against the government’s actions.
In an interview with The Guardian, Young said:
The whole truth of that time may never be fully revealed to the world. Because, at present the government of the country, the society has improved everything. Therefore, it is very difficult for Kara to realize the awfulness of that time. Our history has also been changed at will. The truth has been hidden. And a nation that cannot stand up to its own history cannot have a bright future.
The Four Pasts Campaign was one of the most successful projects in history as a public health awareness program. However, without considering the balance of natural harmony and ecology, the Chinese had to pay for this mistake for decades. And the damage that was done was irreparable. But have they ever learned from the consequences of their opposition to nature?
Last year, a research paper published by a Chinese research team found that the uncontrolled and abnormal eating habits of the Chinese could lead to the risk of contracting the virus. However, the appropriate authorities have not taken any steps to increase public awareness to avoid changes in eating habits or risks. As a result, the whole world is not afraid of the virus today.
As of last news, according to the New York Times, the Coronavirus has spread to more than 50 countries around the world. Can one of the top countries in technology and modernity learn to coexist with the beauty of nature? Or will humanity be repeatedly questioned in front of them?
Sparrow Extermination China
How did China kill sparrows?
Millions of people organized into groups and hit noisy pots and pans to prevent sparrows from resting in their nests, with the goal of causing them to drop dead from exhaustion.
How many sparrows were killed in China?
What has happened to the sparrow population?
House Sparrow populations have declined by nearly 71% since 1977.
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