Why Appendicitis Happens – Types, Best Treatments, Diagnosed, Home Remedies

Why Appendicitis Happens: The appendix is ​​a small finger-shaped sac or tube, about four inches long, present at the junction of the small intestine and the large intestine. It is usually present in the lower right side of the abdomen. The function of the appendix is ​​not known. However, if the appendix becomes infected or inflamed, causing a condition called appendicitis, you will need immediate treatment.

Where Appendicitis Located

Appendicitis can cause pain recurrently. It may burst or even burst to cause severe sudden pain. A ruptured appendix can lead to the spread of bacteria through the abdominal (abdominal area) cavity. The bacteria can sometimes cause a fatal infection, known as peritonitis. In this article, we explain in detail appendicitis.

What is Appendicitis 

  • The inflammatory condition of the appendix is ​​known as appendicitis.
  • Appendicitis can cause pain in the lower right abdominal area.
  • As the inflammation of the appendix increases, so does the pain of appendicitis.
  • If left untreated, appendicitis can cause the appendix to rupture, allowing bacteria to spread into the abdominal cavity, which can sometimes be fatal.
  • Appendicitis is usually treated by surgically removing the appendix.

types of Appendicitis

Acute Appendicitis

  • This is a serious and sudden case of appendicitis.
  • It is most commonly seen in people between the ages of 10 and 30.
  • It is more commonly seen in men than in women.
  • The pain develops and intensifies rapidly over a 24-hour period.
  • Immediate medical treatment is required.
  • If left untreated, it can lead to rupture of the appendix and lead to serious and sometimes fatal complications.

Chronic Appendicitis

  • It is less commonly seen than in acute appendicitis.
  • Symptoms are usually mild and usually occur after a case of acute appendicitis.
  • Symptoms may disappear completely before reappearing after several weeks, months, or years.
  • This type of appendicitis is usually difficult to diagnose.

Why Appendicitis Happens

The exact cause of appendicitis is not known. It is thought to occur when a part of the appendix becomes blocked or obstructed.

  • There are possible causes of a blockage in the appendix.
  • Hard stool formation.
  • Intestinal worms.
  • Enlarged lymphoid follicles.
  • Tumor.
  • A painful injury.

What are the risk factors for appendicitis?

Certain factors increase the risk of developing appendicitis, and may include:

  • Usually seen in the 20s, but can occur at any age.
  • Most common in men.
  • Family history of appendicitis.

symptoms of Appendicitis

Symptoms of appendicitis may include:

symptoms of Appendicitis
  • Sudden onset of pain in the right side of the lower abdomen.
  • Sudden pain starts around the navel, and later shifts to the lower right side of the abdomen.
  • Pain that gets worse when walking, coughing, or doing other movements.
  • Pain in the upper abdomen during pregnancy (because the appendix is ​​larger during pregnancy).
  • Vomit.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Mild fever, which may worsen later.
  • Constipation.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Flatulence (passing gas)
  • Abdominal bloating.

how appendicitis is diagnosed

how appendicitis is diagnosed

Physical examination – The doctor applies light pressure to the painful area. When the pressure is suddenly released, the pain of appendicitis can get worse, indicating inflammation. The doctor will also check for abdominal stiffness and your tendency to tighten the abdominal muscles in response to pressure on the appendix. Your symptoms, medical history, and family history are noted.

Digital rectal exam – The doctor uses a lubricated, gloved finger to examine the lower rectum (the distal part of the large intestine, which temporarily stores stool).

Pelvic exam – In the case of women of childbearing age, the doctor may insert their lubricated, gloved fingers into the vagina to check for possible gynecological problems that may be causing pain.

Blood tests – Doctors check for high white blood cell counts, which may indicate a restriction infection.
Urine test – A urinalysis helps the doctor make sure that kidney stones or urinary tract infections are not causing pain.

Imaging tests – Abdominal X-rays, ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI scan help to get clear images of the appendix. They help confirm a diagnosis of appendicitis or rule out other possible causes of pain.

How to prepare for Appendix surgery

Tell the doctor about any medicines or supplements you may be taking.

  • Tell the doctor if you have any medical conditions.
  • Tell the doctor if you are sensitive or allergic to any medications, anesthetic agents, latex, iodine, or tape.
  • If you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant, tell your doctor about it.
  • Avoid eating or drinking anything after midnight the day before surgery.
  • The doctor may ask you to stop taking blood-thinning agents such as warfarin and aspirin shortly before the procedure.

What is the treatment for Appendicitis?

Appendicitis is a medical emergency. The appendix can rupture and cause a fatal infection. Therefore, surgery is recommended to remove the inflamed appendix.

The doctor may prescribe antibiotics before surgery to treat the infection.

If the appendix has ruptured and an abscess (pus) has formed around it, the doctor will first drain the abscess by placing a tube through the skin into the abscess. Surgery is performed several weeks after the infection has been controlled.

The procedure to surgically remove the appendix is ​​known as appendectomy. The surgery can be done in the following ways.

Open surgery

  • This procedure is performed under general anesthesia, that is, the patient is asleep during the procedure.
  • An incision (cut) about 2 to 4 inches long is made on the lower right side of the abdomen.
  • The surgeon spots the appendix and removes it.
  • If the appendix has ruptured, the surgeon may place a small tube called a shunt to drain pus and other fluid into the abdomen.
  • The shunt is taken out a few days after the infection is gone.

laparoscopic surgery

  • First, general anesthesia is given.
  • The surgeon makes several small incisions in the abdomen.
  • A tube with a camera at one end, known as a laparoscope, and small surgical instruments are inserted into the abdomen through the incisions made.
  • Laparoscopic surgery allows for faster healing with less pain and scarring. It is generally preferred in obese people and older adults.
  • You will stay in the hospital for a day or two after the procedure.

How to care about Appendix surgery

  • Avoid strenuous activities for three to five days after laparoscopic surgery and for ten to fourteen days after open surgery.
  • Apply pressure when you feel like laughing, coughing, or moving to ease the pain.
  • Your doctor may prescribe some pain relievers to relieve your pain.
  • Antibiotics may be recommended by the doctor to prevent infection.
  • Start walking as soon as possible.
  • Drink lots of fluids.
  • Keep the incision site dry and clean.
  • Get a good amount of rest.
  • You can resume your daily activities a week after surgery.

What are the complications of appendicitis?

Complications of appendicitis include:

  • Peritonitis (a torn appendix spreading infection through the abdomen)
  • Formation of an abscess (pocket of pus).
  • Sepsis (bacteria from a ruptured abscess can travel through the bloodstream to other parts of the body)
  • Complications of appendectomy may include:
  • Infection.
  • Is bleeding.
  • Blocked intestine.
  • Injury to nearby organs.

What are the home remedies for Appendicitis?

home remedies for Appendicitis

The following home remedies may help relieve the pain of appendicitis.

  • Drink buttermilk mixed with black salt.
  • Eat two to three cloves of garlic with food.
  • Eat green vegetables like spinach.
  • Eat some tomato, radish, and carrot salad mixed with rock salt shortly before the meal.
  • Boil cow’s or buffalo’s milk well and drink it after cooling.
  • Drink more water.

FAQs

What are the complications of appendicitis?

Peritonitis.
Formation of an abscess.
Sepsis (bacteria from a ruptured abscess can travel through the bloodstream to other parts of the body).
Complications of appendectomy may include:
Infection.
Is bleeding.
Blocked intestine.
Injury to nearby organs.

Best Homeopathy Medicine For Cure Appendicitis?

Nux Vomica.

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