Why Alzheimer’s Disease Occurs: In Alzheimer’s, along with the weakening of the memory, some other symptoms also appear, such as forgetting the names of the first people, difficulty in expressing their thoughts, difficulty in following instructions, trouble in understanding anything, etc. Is.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia. A group of brain disorders in which intellectual and social skills are impaired. In Alzheimer’s disease, brain cells are weakened and destroyed, leading to a persistent decline in memory and mental functions.
Is Alzheimer’s a common disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is extremely common. This problem can be dealt with by controlling its causes. Please consult your doctor for more information.
Alzheimer Early Symptoms
Alzheimer’s Early Symptoms: Early-onset amnesia or mild confusion may be the only symptom of Alzheimer’s disease that you notice. Then gradually this disease eats up all your memory. The symptoms of this disease vary from person to person.
Everyone has memory lapses from time to time, but memory loss is not normal for a person with Alzheimer’s. It gradually gets worse. Due to this your work efficiency at home and office is affected. People with Alzheimer’s may have these symptoms–
- Repeating talking and asking questions and not realizing that they have asked the question before.
- Forget conversations, appointments, or events and can’t remember them later.
- Losing things and being unable to find them back.
- Do not know your own place.
- Forgetting the names of family members and everyday objects.
- Difficulty finding the right words to recognize objects, express thoughts, or make conversations.
thinking and reasoning
- Alzheimer’s disease causes difficulty concentrating and thinking.
- Difficulty doing multiple things at once.
- Not paying bills on time, keeping check-book balance, etc. can be challenging.
- Difficulty recognizing numbers.
- Difficulty making decisions about minor problems.
Planning Of Tasks
- As the disease progresses, the sufferer has to face more difficulties such as difficulty in playing their favorite sport, difficulty in cooking, etc.
- The condition becomes so bad that people with Alzheimer’s forget how to dress and even take a bath.
Changes In Personality And Behavior
Changes in the brain in Alzheimer’s disease affect the way we function and feel. People with Alzheimer’s may experience:
- Social withdrawal
- Mood swings
- To doubt others
- Irritability and anger
- Change in sleep habits
- To mislead
If the disease is not very chronic, then many important skills like reading, dancing, singing songs, enjoying old music, telling stories, etc.
Some of the above symptoms may not be included. If you have any doubts about any of the symptoms, please consult a doctor.
Alzheimer Brain Images
When should I see the doctor?
If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, you should contact your doctor. Everyone’s body functions differently. It is best to consult your doctor regarding your condition.
Why Alzheimer’s Disease Occurs
Scientists believe that most people with Alzheimer’s disease are caused by genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. that affect the brain over time. Although the cause of Alzheimer’s is not yet fully understood, its effect on the brain is clear. Alzheimer’s disease damages and destroys brain cells. A brain affected by Alzheimer’s disease has fewer cells than a healthy brain, and there is little bonding between living cells.
Risk Of Alzheimer’s Disease
Age: Aging is the biggest cause of Alzheimer’s. Its risk is greatly increased in people over the age of 65 years.
Family History And Genetics: If you have Alzheimer’s in your family or a relative, you may be more likely to develop the disease, but most genetic traits are largely unclear.
Down Syndrome: Alzheimer’s disease has been seen in many people with Down syndrome. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s begin to appear 10 to 20 years earlier in people with Down syndrome.
Back Injury: People who have had a severe head injury are at a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
Lifestyle And Heart Health: According to some studies, certain causes of heart disease and poor lifestyle can increase the chances of getting Alzheimer’s. like-
- Lack of exercise
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol
- Type 2 diabetes
- A diet deficient in fruits and vegetables
How is Alzheimer’s disease diagnosed?
There is no specific test to confirm this disease, so doctors test for other conditions that can show symptoms similar to Alzheimer’s disease. These tests are –
Physical And Neurological Tests
- Muscle strength and tuneability to get up from a chair and walk across the room
- Sight and hearing
- Balance lab test
Blood tests can help doctors rule out other possible causes of memory loss and confusion, such as thyroid disorders or vitamin deficiencies.
Mental status and neuropsychological tests
Your doctor may do a small mental status test to check your memory and other mental skills. These tests will help your doctor know if you have problems with the parts of your brain involved in learning, remembering, thinking, or planning.
Imaging the brain will make it easier to find out whether the patient is showing symptoms like Alzheimer’s due to a tumor or stroke. It can also help show brain changes associated with the disease. This includes MRI, CT scan, and PET (positron emission tomography).
Treatment Of Alzheimer’s Disease
Cholinesterase Inhibitors – These drugs increase the level of cell-to-cell communication by providing a neurotransmitter (acetylcholine) that is reduced in the brain due to Alzheimer’s. The improvement is minor. Cholinesterase inhibitors may improve symptoms of neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression. Commonly prescribed cholinesterase inhibitors include donepezil (Aricept), galantamine (Razadyne), and rivastigmine (Exelon). The main side effects of these drugs include diarrhea, nausea, loss of appetite, and trouble sleeping. Serious side effects in people with cardiac conduction disorder may include slowing of the heart rate and heart block.
Memantine (Namenda) – This drug is useful for slowing the progression of symptoms of moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease. It is also sometimes used with cholinesterase inhibitors. Side effects include constipation, dizziness, and headache.
Other medications such as antidepressants are sometimes used to help control the behavioral symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s disease. But, some medications must be used with great care. For example, some common sleep medications – zolpidem (Ambien), and eszopiclone (Lunesta) may increase the risk.
Anti-depressant Medications – clonazepam (Klonopin) and lorazepam (Ativan) — increase the risk of confusion and dizziness. Always consult your doctor before taking any new medicine.
Treatment Of Alzheimer’s Disease Is through Lifestyle Changes
- Always keep keys, wallets, mobile phones, and other valuables in one place in the house so that they do not get lost.
- Develop a habit of carrying mobile phones everywhere so that you can call in case you get lost or confused and people can track your location through the phone.
- Try to make all appointments on the same day and at the same time.
- Use a calendar or whiteboard at home to track daily schedules and make it a habit to check things that are completed so you can make sure they’re done.
- Remove excess furniture and useless items.
- Install strong handrails on the stairs and in the bathroom.
- Reduce the number of mirrors in the house. People with Alzheimer’s have a tendency to be afraid of seeing pictures.
- Keep photographs and other accessories around the house.
exercise for Alzheimer’s patients
- Do regular exercise. Activity such as a daily walk can help improve mood and maintain joint and muscle health as well as heart health.
- Exercise promotes good sleep and can prevent constipation. Make sure the person with Alzheimer’s goes out wearing a medical alert bracelet (if going alone).
- People with Alzheimer’s have trouble walking, so encourage them to exercise in a chair. You can watch exercise programs designed for adults on TV or on DVD.
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