Where Is Lake Baikal Situated: The Top Oldest And Deepest Lake In The World

Where Is Lake Baikal Situated | Lake Baikal World Map | Lake Baikal Length | Lake Baikal Weather |

Where Is Lake Baikal: Three-fourths of the earth’s surface is covered by water. The total area is 1.386 million cubic km. The amount of water that surrounds our land. These include the vast 5 oceans, hundreds of seas, and millions of rivers. There are also about 117 million lakes. These lakes, known as the surrounding land bodies, exist as one of the major reservoirs of the earth’s water body.

Where Is Lake Baikal

Large and small lakes can be seen in almost all parts of the world. Some lakes are so large that they are named after the sea. As seen in the case of Lake Caspian Sea. Such large lakes are also referred to by many as the Great Lakes. These lakes are like an ongoing museum of natural change and biodiversity. These lakes in different parts of the world match the geological processes in a wonderful way before our curious eyes. The story of such a lake will come up in today’s discussion. The name of the lake is ‘Baikal’. Located in the Siberian region of the Russian Federation, this lake has been a source of curiosity and fascination for centuries.

Where Is Lake Baikal Situated

Baikal is the world’s oldest freshwater lake, located in the southern part of the Siberian region of the Russian Federation. Scientists estimate that the lake will be about 20-25 million years old. The Russians call it Orejo Beykal or Baikal. The lake is named after the regional word ‘bi-kul’ in the Teurisk language. Which means a rich lake in Bengali. The lake is also known as the Siberian Pearl.

lake baikal length

Lake Baikal is mentioned in general knowledge books as the deepest lake in the world. The lake is about 1,620 meters deep and covers an area of ​​31,500 square kilometers. But the lake is not only unique in its antiquity and depth; It is also the largest freshwater lake in the world. One-fifth of the world’s freshwater (23,000 cubic km) flows through the lake.

Where Is Lake Baikal

This stream is one of the most sacred in Russia. Miraculous stories surrounding this lake are also prevalent in many areas. Especially in winter, when the water of the lake freezes and turns into ice, there is a huge ‘ring’. There were various legends surrounding this ring at one time. Even in recent times, these rings have been used as ploys by aliens. However, scientific research has disappointed believers in these theories. According to scientists, these rings, about 7 km in diameter, are actually formed by the contact of surface water with warm lake water. However, according to the beliefs of different villages, this lake is still sacred and they perform different rituals around the holy lake in different ways.

History Speaks (Lake baikal world map)

Where Is Lake Baikal

People have been living in Lake Baikal since ancient times. It is known from the pages of history that people first discovered Lake Baikal in the 6th century BC. Moreover, the name of this region is recorded in the pages of history as one of the battlefields of the Han-Xianggu War. That war took place between 133 BC and 89 AD. The history of this lake is so ancient that the locals believe that Jesus Christ himself visited this lake area. Although there is no historical document.

The first to enter the lake from Europe was a Russian named Kurbat Ivanov. He achieved this feat in 1643. At that time Siberia was not a part of the Russian Empire. When Russia annexed Siberia in the 17th century, Lake Baikal became part of the Russian Empire. The question is, how old is this lake? Science says the lake is at least 25 million years old. In prehistoric times, the movement of the earth’s surface has resulted in the formation of mountains surrounding the lake.

It is thought that the Baikal Lake region was originally a river channel. But due to earthquakes and cracks in the surface, the width between the two banks of the river continues to increase. At the same time, the depth of the river increases with the palla. The Baikal Basin was formed by these changes at different times during the Tertiary period (66 to 2.6 million years ago). The water in the river continues to rise as the ice on the mountain tops melts.

Then, in the Pliocene period (5.3 to 2.58 million years ago), several separate lakes were formed, separated from the river. Then they gradually merged to form Lake Baikal. Several possible causes, including earthquakes, landslides, and landslides, have been identified behind the unification of the lakes. It may be that multiple factors have played a role in the creation of this lake.

Lake Baikal

Like prehistoric times, the Baikal region is still prone to earthquakes. About 2,000 mild and moderate earthquakes are recorded in the inner valley of the lake every year. As a result, the depth of the lake is expected to increase more or less.

Clearwater Reservoir

The artistic view of Baikal Lake and the crystal clear water is synonymous. The water of this lake is one of the purest and cleanest waters in the world. In the summer, the ice of the Siberian mountains melts completely and fills the shores of the lake. Then it can be seen clearly through the transparent chest up to a depth of 39 meters. The reasons behind this transparency are pure ice meltwater, eating plankton dirt in the lake chest, and the absence of mineral salts.

27 small islands have been found in the afternoon. Most of these islands are uninhabitable. However, human settlements on some islands are noticeable. Their largest island, Alakhan, is 72 km long. The population is about 1,500.

There are about 330 rivers flowing through the vast area of ​​Lake Baikal. Of these, the Selenga River is identified as the largest source. More than half of the lake’s water comes from this river. However, the surprising information is that even though there are so many river sources, the water of this lake falls only in the chest of the Angara river. From there, about 15.8 trillion gallons of water per year flow into the Yenisei River and fall into the Arctic Ocean.

lake baikal weather And Biodiversity

Temperatures are much lower in most parts of the Siberian region. However, the climate of Lake Baikal is much warmer than that. The average winter temperature here is -21 ° Celsius. In August, the temperature rises to 11 ° Celsius. In winter, the entire surface of the lake is covered with ice. However, in May-June, when the ice melts, a clear water level appears. Then the average temperature of the water surface is 12 ° Celsius. At that time a medium-sized wave rose in the chest of Baikal Lake. The maximum wave height of the lake was measured at about 4.8 meters.

Lake Baikal is a source of biodiversity. About 1,800 species of animals have made the lake area lively. Hundreds of species of plants are found in the vicinity of the lake. Most of the animals found here are endemic. They are not found anywhere else in the world. For this reason, Baikal is a rich source for biologists and researchers.

About 50 species of fish live in the waters of Baikal. These include 25 species of Gobi fish, Amol salmon, Grayling, Whitefish, and Sargon fish. Amol salmon is the most popular fish among fishermen. Moreover, Golomyanka fish is notable among the rare species of fish.

The most famous animal of Baikal Lake is Nerpa. It’s not just the afternoon, it’s the only freshwater seal in the world. About 1 lakh Nerpars live here. These are very interesting creatures to evolutionists. Scientists are continuing research to find out exactly when they adapted to freshwater from the sea.

Algae When Threatened

There are a number of factors that can contribute to the disruption of the lake’s flow or the loss of its natural balance. These factors may vary by region and topography for each lake. An abundance of algae has emerged as a big threat for the afternoon! Of course, the abundance of algae is a thorn in the side of many mahras. Initially, Russian scientists thought that algae would not be as dangerous for large lakes as Baikal.

In 2008, Spirogyra bloom (algae flower) appeared at the bottom of Baikal, disproving their idea. These blooms rise to shore from the bottom of the lake and cause a foul odor. However, the stench is not the most dangerous aspect of this bloom. These chemically poisonous blooms cause damage to many species of snails, sponges, fish, and crustaceans. This will destroy the biodiversity of the lake region and threaten its natural balance.

In addition, thousands of tourists every year accumulate a lot of garbage and waste. These wastes are ruining the lake environment due to the lack of adequate drainage systems. Hopefully, the ‘Lake Baikal Trail’ is being constructed recently, which will provide a permanent solution to these problems in the entire lake region.

Man-Made Disaster

Over the last century, there has been a great deal of industrial development in Mongolia and Russia. The number of factories in the two countries is increasing in line with the growing demand. Sad but true, this is destroying many natural places and building factories. The Baikal Lake area was not left out.

The main source of the Baikal is the Selenga River, which also flows through Mongolia. Soon after they proposed the construction of a dam, questions arose about the source of water in Lake Baikal. As a result, the lake’s water levels will drop alarmingly. Moreover, this will reduce the amount of sediment coming into the lake. Gradually the biodiversity will also be destroyed.

A number of mining, paper, shipbuilding, fisheries, and timber industries have sprung up along the coast of Baikal. These factories depend on Baikal for water. As a result, water pollution is appearing in a large part of the afternoon. The chemicals in the factory are destroying the purity of the water. Earlier, in 1966, a proposal was made to build a risky paper factory on the south shore of Lake Baikal.

It was rejected when Soviet scientists took a strong stand against it. In 1971, the then Soviet government issued an emergency ordinance to protect the lake. But in the 90’s the picture changed. As a result, Lake Baikal is now threatened by factory waste.

Lake Baikal was declared a World Heritage Site in 1996. Through this special importance is given to the preservation of this vast region. Many nature-loving organizations have sprung up across Russia in love with the lake. The Russian government’s proposed oil pipeline project was canceled in 2006 due to their protests and programs. Maybe one day the poisonous vapor of the factory will swallow the afternoon.

Its last point will be water vapor and disappear in the sight of the earth, But these organizations and others who are working to prevent that cursed future are our messages of hope for the present and the future.


Q. How Old is Baikal Lake?

A. Scientists estimate that the lake will be about 20-25 million years old.

Q. What is wrong with Lake Baikal?

A. One major source of pollution at Lake Baikal is the lack of sewage and water treatment facilities in the area, such that untreated water drains into the lake. 

Q. Is Lake Baikal contaminated?

A. More than 15,000 metric tons of toxic waste have flown into Russia’s Lake Baikal

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