What Is Ancient Science – The Practice Of Science In Ancient India

What Is Ancient Science | Medical Science And Surgery In Ancient India | Science In Ancient India | Science And Technology In Ancient India UPSC | Science & Technology in Ancient India |

what is ancient science

Science In Ancient India. Undoubtedly an example of a unique civilization of the world. This pasture of education, culture, religion, mythology, and science was on one side as the pilgrimage of sages and sages, and from time to time it has given gifts to many world-renowned scientists, mathematicians and philosophers. The practice of science in India began in ancient times, which later contributed to the progress of the world. The foundations of science, medicine, and mathematics of other civilizations have been laid with the help of various things discovered in ancient India.

What Is Ancient Science

They will be amazed to hear how many mysterious discoveries have been made in ancient India. What is that groundbreaking discovery?

Science & Technology in Ancient India – The Idea Of Zero

Zero is one of the most important discoveries in the history of mathematics. After the discovery of zero, the image of mathematics in the world changed completely and the path of human history was changed. Although the use of zero was common in the Mayan or Mesopotamian civilizations, it was first reported in ancient India. Where the first zero is used as a direct number by breaking the shell of the signal or symbol.

Zero was used in accounting in India in the ninth century BC. From the 5th to the 2nd century BC, the Indian mathematician Pingler found a reference to zero. Seventh In the century, the Indian mathematician Brahmagupta mentioned that if you add or subtract zero to a number, there is no change in that number. Multiplying a number by zero also makes its value zero. And when divided, its value is undefined. The word zero comes from the Sanskrit word shunyata. Later it became ‘cipher’ in Arabia and gradually became ‘cumin’ in the western world.

Science In Ancient IndiaDecimal Number System

The most common and popular in the world today is the decimal number system. This method is based on counting ten fingers of two hands. The main point of the ten-based calculation method is the use of zero. Although the concept of zero was prevalent in ancient Mesopotamia and Maya civilization, they considered zero to be an absence, a lack, and something ominous. Indian civilization is credited with the effective use of zero and its invention and use of the decimal number system.

There are indications of the use of decimal numbers in India around 400 BC. 498 BC In a Sanskrit poem, Aryabhata, a mathematician, mentions, The method of writing numbers became easier as a result of the formation of systematic rules of zero. No matter how large the number, it could be written effortlessly with the help of a decimal number system using only 10 digits up to 0-9. It is still used worldwide. This knowledge, borrowed from India, was popularized by Arab mathematicians all over the world, including Europe. Arab scholars carried out extensive research on it and further improved it. Length measuring sticks and weights.

Excavations at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in ancient India have uncovered a number of measuring sticks, similar to ivory and khel scales, which are used to measure length. Remains of a few scales have also been found. Their weight measurement system was based on 16. For example, 18, 64, 160, 320 etc. The origin of the various weighing instruments is traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization of ancient India. There are various square and round weights used.

The Doctrine Of The Solar System

Science In Ancient India

Ancient Indian mathematicians often used mathematical knowledge to make calculations about the movements of planets and stars, astronomy. The legend of ancient mathematics Aryabhatta has recorded various information about mathematics and astronomy in 118 hymns in four volumes in his book ‘Aryabhattiya’. Aryabhata Galileo gave the idea of ​​the heliocentric solar system and the ecliptic motion of the earth.

Science In Ancient India

Copernicus, thousands of years before Brunei. He mentions in the book that the earth revolves around its own axis. He also calculated the ecliptic motion of the earth. The circumference of the earth as his39 thousand 968 kilometers. At present, with the help of modern equipment, the circumference of the earth is about 40 thousand 234 kilometers. According to him, the amount of error was negligible, only 0.2 percent.

He also made accurate predictions about the eclipses of the moon and the sun. The mathematician Surya Siddhanta, an ancient Indian mathematician, calculated mathematically that the earth once orbited the sun. It takes 365.2563627 days to do. In the age of modern science, the time taken out is only 1.5 seconds longer than 365.256363004 days. About 2,700 years ago, there were no telescopes, no advanced instruments. Yet, on the shoulders of mathematics, it is still a wonder how he came up with such a subtle value.

medical science and surgery in ancient india – Plastic Surgery

Sushruta is the name of wonder in the medicine of the ancient world. Medical science owes a great deal to this sage who was born in ancient India about 2,600 years ago. The best of all timeSushruta, who has been included in the list of surgeons, has written a book called ‘Sushruta Sanhita’, which is one of the best scriptures in the world. In mythology, Sushruta is described as a sageAccording to Hindu mythology, as the son of Bishwamitra or the descendant of Dhanvantari, Dhanvantari is identified as the physician of the gods.

Science In Ancient India

Sushruta discusses various problems of obstetrics as well as surgical procedures. He also described things like rhinoplasty (nose surgery), osteoplasty, Laryngoplasty in those ancient times. He is the pioneer of systematic and accurate surgery. Sushruta was the first person in the world to get rid of cataracts. At the same time, in the year 600 BC, To remove cataracts from the eyes, Sushruta used a type of needle called ‘Jabamukhi Shalaka’. This basically loosens the lens, bringing the cataract out with pressure. Then wrap it with a bandage until the eye is healthy.


Long before the birth of Hippocrates, Acharya Charak, author of the Charaksanghita, discussed physiology. Has gone through the explanation of written science. This ancient Indian scholar is said to be the father of Indian medicine. He was the first physician in the world to record in his scriptures a detailed discussion of digestion, metabolism, and anti-inflammatory measures. He also discusses physiology, diagnostics, and zoology in his book, which is still relevant today. Surprisingly, about one and a half thousand years ago, William Harvey spoke of the circulation of blood in the human body. At one time the book was translated into almost all the languages ​​of the world. In ancient times, no other book had so much respect.

Ancient Ayurveda is considered to be the flower of research of any individual. Such a complete medical science was made possible by the scattering of innumerable talents for thousands of years.

Science And Technology In Ancient India UPSC


Q. What are 3 facts about ancient India?

A. They established the first universities. They practiced Yoga. They Invent Number 0.

Q. What is India’s greatest contribution to science?

A. Zero was recognized as a number and not merely a symbol of separation amongst all other numbers in India. Decimal number system. Plastic Surgery. The Doctrine Of The Solar System.

Q. What is ancient science?

A. Ancient science used experimentation to help theoretical understanding while modern science uses theory to pursue practical results.

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