What Are The First Symptoms Of Kidney Failure | Iconic Info

What Are The First Symptoms Of Kidney Failure: Kidney failure is a condition when one or both kidneys are completely damaged and fail to do their job (to filter waste from the body). Because it is the last stage of chronic kidney disease, kidney failure is also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In most cases, it is impossible for people with kidney failure to survive without dialysis or a kidney transplant.

What Are The First Symptoms Of Kidney Failure

What Are The First Symptoms Of Kidney Failure

Many people with kidney disease are not aware of their risk until it is too late. Like other diseases, kidney diseases often show no symptoms until they are very advanced. This is why only 10% of people with kidney disease know they have it. Therefore, it is important for people to know their condition and learn how to keep their kidneys healthy for longer.

When kidney failure occurs, the only way to know for sure is to have your body tested immediately for any unusual physical symptoms. The first symptom you may notice when your kidneys are failing is a change in your urine.

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Kidneys are responsible for making urine in our bodies. They filter the blood and remove waste from our bodies. These will be sent to the bladder by the kidneys and our body will later excrete the waste as urine.

Early Signs Of Kidney Disease

Recognizing the symptoms is the key to treating any disease. In kidney failure, you may experience different symptoms at different stages. The primary physical symptoms of kidney failure are as follows:

Early Signs Of Kidney Disease

Low urine output

If your kidneys slow down or stop producing urine altogether, it could be a sign of kidney failure. Due to the blockage of the flow of urine from the kidneys, waste material accumulates in the body. This obstruction of urine can also occur due to external obstruction eg

  • Kidney stones
  • Bladder tumor
  • Enlarged prostate

Frequent urination

People with severe kidney disease feel the need to urinate frequently, especially at night.

Blood in the urine

When the kidney filters are damaged, blood cells “leak” into the urine. Blood in the urine can also be an indication of the presence of tumors, kidney stones, or infections.

Swelling around your eyes

Due to damage, the kidneys excrete large amounts of protein in the urine instead of keeping it in the body. This causes swelling around the eyes.

Foamy urine

Excessive foam or bubbles in the urine indicates the presence of protein in the urine. This foam may look similar to the foam seen when scrambling eggs.

Other Changes in Urine

People with kidney failure may experience some changes in urine color, smell, and pain while urinating. All these indicate that there is something wrong with the kidneys.

People with problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, a family history of kidney failure, or an age over 60 are at a higher risk of developing kidney disease.

Shortness of breath

You often experience trouble breathing during kidney failure. This is due to anemia or a build-up of fluid in your lungs. Chills or feeling unusually cold is associated with symptoms of kidney failure.


Healthy kidneys produce a hormone called ‘erythropoietin’, which helps your body produce oxygen-carrying red blood cells. Kidney surgery results in low production of erythropoietin, leading to anemia. Due to less oxygen-carrying red blood cells, you feel tired all the time.


This is one of the immediate symptoms, you should see. This can be due to dehydration or changes in electrolyte levels can cause mood and cognitive changes that make it difficult to concentrate.

Nausea and vomiting

People with kidney failure experience nausea due to the accumulation of serious waste products in the blood (uremia). Your body feels the need to expel the poison and vomits. This is one of the most common symptoms that accompany other kidney health problems.


Most people begin to notice weakness or a metallic taste in food during the end stages of kidney function. This is due to blood loss (uremic) during urination. This blood loss often causes other symptoms

  • Itching
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Numbness in the toes
  • Tingling in fingers

Irregular heartbeat

One of the most common symptoms in kidney failure patients is atrial fibrillation or irregular heartbeat. It is often considered a major contributing factor to end-stage renal disease.

However, if your kidney damage worsens, you may experience some of the later symptoms and these may not occur in the early stages. Early diagnosis is always considered because delay in treatment can lead to irreversible kidney damage.

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