The Importance Of Studying Biology | How Is The Importance Of Biology | Importance Of Biology | The Importance Of Biology In Our Daily Life |
The Importance Of Studying Biology – Contributions of Botany
The Importance Of Studying Biology: A notable branch of science is biology. This branch deals with plants and animals. From time immemorial, humans have been directly or indirectly influenced by biology. Through biology, man is trying to gain knowledge about himself, about the surrounding plants and animals, and even about the tiny creatures that have the vibrancy of life. In the present age, biology is fulfilling many of the multifaceted needs of human beings. Biology and its practical application are discussed below.
The Importance Of Biology In Our Daily Life
Food production: How is the importance of biology? The field of botany is huge and vast. The existence of all animals, including humans, depends entirely on plants. We get all our essential nutrients, such as sugars, carbohydrates, fats, oils, proteins, etc., from plants. Not only this, with the help of essential nutrients such as carbohydrates, vegetable fats, proteins, etc., plants store seeds, roots, stems, and fruits and provide food for various animals and humans. High-yielding seeds, seedless fruits, increase in fruit quality, number, and size have also been made possible by the study of botany.
Spirulina algae contain 60% protein, beta-carotene, and biotin. This protein is very nutritious. Because it contains all the essential amino acids.
Seaweed Ulva, Gracilaria, Laminaria, Porphyra, etc. are used as feed. The frog’s umbrella (Agaricus), Lentinus, Morchella, etc. can be eaten. At present, the demand for different types of food production has increased day by day due to population growth and the need for civilization.
With the protection of crops and the improvement of biology, it is becoming possible to cultivate in a scientific way, as a result, the yield is increasing. Many types of rage symptoms are seen during cultivation. Biology is helping to find out the cause of all these diseases. People have found out. That all those rages occur due to the attack of various types of fungi, insects, etc.
Copper compounds (Bardo blends, burgundy blends), sulfur or sulfur compounds (Jiram, Zineb, Maneb, etc.), mercury compounds (Ceresana, Agrosan), etc. are being used to suppress all these rages. In addition, other substances such as DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane), 2-4D (2-4D dichloro phenoxy acetic acid), BHC (Benzene hexachloride) are being applied to crops, which can lead to crop damage. All of these chemicals also cause mutations in the invading organism, making the chemical pesticides useless in the organism. So nowadays there is an attempt to destroy the organism or biological control by the organism to protect the grain.
These chemicals are spread through crops and water and gradually accumulate in various organisms, even in humans. Biological amplification is the process of spreading contaminants in the living world.
The bacterium bacillus thuringiensis is used to destroy the leaf-destroying blight of cabbage. Nosema locustae are used to kill locusts that damage crops. The ladybird beetle (Rodolia cardinalis) is used to feed on Viscaria purchase, a pest of lemongrass. Gambusia fish are farmed to kill mosquito larvae. The method used to control pests is called Integrated Pest Management.
We always get vegetable fibers for weaving wearables and fabrics, wood for making houses, medicinal plants for medicine, and various kinds of raw materials-oil, mattresses, resin, etc. from those plants. Furniture, even boats, ships, and other vehicles for daily use in Avad are made of many different types of wood. We also collect materials for making our writing paper, book paper, newspaper paper, etc. from plants.
Fuel and the two essential ingredients of modern machinery coal and mineral oil are made naturally from the remains of plants. Petrol or petroleum-based mineral oil has kept our civilization moving. In many places wood still collected from plants is also used as fuel.
How Is The Importance Of Biology
Herbal: The importance of biology in our daily life. With the progress of civilization, people have taken the help of plants to cure various ailments and prevent ailments. Medicines obtained from various parts of various plants were used in medicine in earlier days. Even in modern medicine, the names of innumerable types of medicinal plants such as Snake, Cinchona, Penicillium, Brahmi, Basak, Kalmegh, Beledena, Knoxvamica, Ashok, Kulekhara, Neem, etc. are particularly noteworthy as medicines.
Agriculture: The Importance Of Studying Biology. There has been a lot of improvement in the agricultural system through the application of botany. High-yielding grain hybridization is now being used to produce more productive food grains, such as drought-tolerant and rust-resistant Triticum durum. High-yielding Triticum decorum hybrids have been made in the same manner. In the case of rice, hybrids of the Indica variety in the Philippines and the Indica variety in Taiwan have been developed. There is a lot of yield from these plants.
Hexaploid (6n = 42) Triticum Vulgare has been produced by poly breeding-polyploid formation. In this way tetraploid cotton plant, the allotetraploid mustard tree has been made. Hybridization of radish and cabbage. Rapuano brassica trees have been created.
(ii) It has been possible to cultivate various types of high-quality crops in agriculture by making mutations. The high-yielding variety of wheat is Sarbatisena, and the high-yielding variety of rice is made with the help of the Atomica-2 mutation.
Tissue culture: Cultivation is a method by which agriculture has been revolutionized. With the help of banana practice, it has become possible to produce more plants in less time by micropropagation in potatoes, sugarcane, banana, etc. Artificial reproduction of agricultural plants (such as rice, tomatoes, etc.) has been done by making bodily or semantic ascariasis with the help of banana practice from a cell. Nowadays forests are being created by micropropagation.
Protoplasmic mixture: It is possible to create new mixed plants from the hybrid protoplasm formed by mixing the cells of wheat, rye, cabbage, cotton, potato, tomato, etc. in their protoplasm.
Organic Fertilizers The use of organic fertilizers has been much more helpful in improving agriculture in terms of economy and pollution. Compost fertilizers made by the decomposing of various organic matter are good fertilizers for crop growth. During periodic cultivation in the field, the cultivation of legumes (paddy, paddy, pea, husk) increases soil fertility by stabilizing nitrogen in the air.
How Is The Importance of Biology
Cultivation of the bacterium Azotobacter, No stock, Annabena algae, and Azolla species of aquatic ferns helps to increase soil fertility. Organic manure is better than artificial fertilizer as it does not cause any damage to the soil or crops and the deficiency of normal soil elements is easily eliminated.
The Importance Of Studying Biology
* Due to floods and erosion and excess rainfall, excess water inundates vast tracts of land, resulting in soil erosion in the flow of this water. Soil erosion is the accumulation of soil in one place by flooding in another place or river. Different types of trees are planted on both sides of rivers or canals to prevent erosion due to floods. The roots of these grasses hold the soil firmly in place so that even if the land is flooded by rain or flood water, the land does not erode. Land erosion can also be prevented by planting trees on the embankments along the river. In mountainous areas, where the water level drops rapidly, erosion is caused by step-cultivation.
* To get rid of civilization and culture and mental fatigue, we also get the flower that is the source of worship and composing the poet’s poem from the plant. Plants are therefore helpful and fulfilling for the pure enjoyment of human beings. Human civilization, culture, pursuit, and way of life are therefore closely related to plants. Gaining knowledge about plants is therefore the first and foremost duty of man. It is possible to acquire knowledge from botany in the special field described above.
* Different types of gases emitted from factories immediately pollute the air around us as a result of purification of the environment or control of environmental pollution and the progress and spread of civilization. Various chemicals released from factories pollute the aquatic environment of rivers, ponds, etc. Various types of pesticides used in agriculture damage the cultivable land.
Contaminated air is mainly disposed of in the process of carbon dioxide emissions from plants. Water hyacinths keep the water body clean by absorbing different types of chemicals. Weeds produced in agricultural lands are kept free in agricultural lands by taking additional pesticides. It is possible to know the number of pollutants taken from the environment by analyzing the body chemistry of different types of plants. So botany also helps ecology in this way.
To protect public health: In order to protect the health of the people in urban and rural areas, municipal organizations adopt different methods. Municipal organizations provide sterile food and beverages, control the spread of infectious diseases, maintain sewerage systems, and treat people suffering from various diseases. Biological knowledge helps in various ways in the public health protection system of municipal organizations.
Air pollution is essential to protect public health. In this work, the plant helps in protecting public health by cultivating various polluted gases. The presence of small amounts of different algae in drinking water reservoirs helps in the purification of drinking water. The algae secreted in the reservoir are trapped by mucus fungi and bacteria, freeing the water bacteria. Stay in the reservoir.
Algae increase the amount of oxygen in the reservoir, resulting in a decrease in the depletion of matter in the reservoir and a less polluted reservoir. Reservoir algae absorb carbonate and bicarbonate salts from the water and turn the hard water into soft water.
Sewage The sewage is decomposed in the sewage pond by various bacteria, fungi, and algae, and the seedlings are converted into food for fish and various animals so that the dirty water also separates in the sediment. This sediment is used as fertilizer. Water provides water for cultivation. Biological knowledge helps us to diagnose various fits of rage, prevent rare infections and treat them in public health.
The Importance Of Biology In Our Daily Life: Biology is helping modern art in many ways and in many ways. In short, without the help of biology, it would have been impossible to build a modern industry. The industries that modern biology is particularly helping with are discussed below.
(i) Weaving industry: Many of our garments or utensils are obtained from vegetable fibers. The main fiber used in the weaving industry is obtained from cotton. Our weaving industry is going on by making yarn from the unicellular rab that comes out of cotton wool.
Importance of Biology
Other fibers are also used in the weaving industry, but they are not as widespread as cotton. Silk fibers are also used in the weaving industry. Silk is collected from the cocoons of silk moths.
A variety of synthetic fibers are being used in the modern weaving industry, such as rayon, nylon, etc. Although rayon is a synthetic fiber, its ingredients come from plants. From the cellulose of plants, silk yarn is made with the help of various chemical methods. A variety of garments are made from this yarn. Nowadays, silk yarn is also used in combination with cotton yarn.
(ii) Jute Industry: Jute fiber is used as raw material in the jute industry. Jute, sack, carpet, and other woven fibers are collected from the secondary phloem fibers of the jute stems. A variety of fabrics, carpets, bags, etc. are being made by mixing jute fiber with other natural and synthetic fibers.
(iii) Paper industry: Paper is being used in our various glasses. From writing paper to book paper, newsprint, frog paper, and packet paper all the ingredients are plants. Paper industry material is available from a variety of plants, such as bamboo, grass, hay, pukati, sugarcane, etc. The cellulose part of the tree is in many ways. Chemical changes make it thinner by pressure and make paper by various chemical methods. Being.
(iv) Wood industry: Slippers, doors, windows, plywood, etc. are made from the wood of the big tree. All these elements are obtained from shawls, gamma, teak, Halak, and pine trees. There are many different uses for these ingredients. Things are possible to create.
(v) Fuel Industry Wood is one of our most ancient fuels. With the improvement of civilization, the use of modern fuels like petrol is happening. All these fuels are also being used in various industries. The only source of these fuel plants.
(vi) Tea Industry: Although tea was introduced in China a long time ago, about 6000 years ago, people in almost all countries are now accustomed to drinking tea. With the spread of tea drinking, tea plantation and the tea industry developed. Tea is made from the top of the tea tree and the first two consecutive leaves. Tea is made by first drying the leaves and buds, then modifying the method of digestion. Nowadays there is a demand for green tea in the market due to health reasons. Green tea is made without the search process.
(vii) Sugar Industry: With the expansion of the industry, the sugar industry has also developed extensively. Sugar is made from sugarcane and beet juice. Sugar is made from sugarcane in our country. Sugarcane juice is made in various ways. Kohl, Aceto, and citric acid are made from the liquid that remains after the formation of sugar crystals.
(viii) Oil: Oil obtained from seeds of mustard, soybean, sunflower, linseed, etc. is mainly used in cooking. Oil factories have been set up to produce cooking oil. Dalda, margarine, etc. are made from the ten obtained from coconut. The volatile oils of the flowers of plants like gallop, jasmine, etc. are being used in making cosmetic products.
(ix) Rubber industry: As an adjunct to the metro car industry, rubber tree bark is used to make car tires and tubes. Since then, the rubber industry has developed in almost all parts of the world. Commercial rubber is made by extracting latex from the natural rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). In addition to tires and tubes, it is used to make rubber gloves, cushions, machine belts, etc.
(x) Dermatology: The skin of animals is modified in various ways to make various materials. The industry in which leather is used is called the leather industry. Leather is used to make shoes, bags, gloves, belts, suitcases, mats, etc.
* Palynology is the branch of botany that helps in gaining knowledge about the nature and structure of pollen in the direction of oil. Reading the part of Palaeobotany that deals with molecules of plant fossils, we can find out which of the deeper layers of the soil contains the potential fuel oil. Molecular science helps to find oil as a complement to geology.
In space research?
People have planted Chlorella algae in the spacecraft during the mission to Chandra. The astronaut uses these algae as food. In addition, Chlorella astronauts absorb carbon dioxide gas inhalation to make their own food in the process of salicylate synthesis and de-gasify the spacecraft.
Oxygen gas released by the process of salicylic acid helps the astronaut to breathe.
Q. What is the importance of biology?
A. As a field of science, biology helps us understand the living world and the ways its many species (including humans) function, evolve and interact. Advances in medicine, agriculture, biotechnology, and many other areas of biology have brought improvements in the quality of life.
Q. How did life begin?
A. Many scientists believe that RNA, or something similar to RNA, was the first molecule on Earth to self-replicate and begin the process of evolution that led to more advanced forms of life, including human beings.
Q. Who named biology?
A. The term biology in its modern sense appears to have been introduced independently by Thomas Beddoes (in 1799), Karl Friedrich Burdach (in 1800), Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus (Biologie oder Philosophie der lebenden Natur, 1802) and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (Hydrogéologie, 1802).
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