Mount Kilimanjaro In Africa: Best Traditional Volcanic Mountains Facts, Height, More

Mount Kilimanjaro In Africa | Mount Kilimanjaro On Africa Map | Mount Kilimanjaro Weather | Kilimanjaro Mountain | Mount Kilimanjaro Trek |

Mount Kilimanjaro In Africa

Let’s start with the story of a cricket match. Once a team of international cricketers decided they would play a match of 20 overs. At first, they were divided into two groups. The two groups were named after the traditional African animals – rhinos (rhinoceros group) and gorillas (gorilla group). The match was held on September 26, 2014. The game featured legends like former African bowler Makhaya Ntini, British Pramila cricketer Heather Knight and former bowler Ashley Giles. The best player of recent times was Steven Smith.

Mount Kilimanjaro In Africa

Though they were supposed to play T20 matches, they played on the field due to hostile weather and played 10 overs per inning. Those who have read patiently for so long may be questioning eyebrows, why did cricket suddenly come up in the discussion of Mount Kilimanjaro? The answer is that this cricket match was played on the summit of Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa. The cricket match, which was played at an altitude of about 5730 meters, has been ranked in the Guinness Book of World Records as the ‘highest altitude cricket match’.

Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro Cricket

mount Kilimanjaro on Africa map

Mount Kilimanjaro is the venue for the cricket match, which is funded by the Rwanda Cricket Stadium Foundation and the Wildlife Conservation Foundation of Africa because the mountain represents the entire continent. This mountain, which is steeped in African culture, heritage, and thousands of folklores, has stood tall for centuries.

Mount Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro’s location near the Kenyan border

Kilimanjaro mountain

Mount Kilimanjaro is a volcanic mountain located north of Tanzania on the African continent, bordering Kenya. Shira, Mawenji, and Kibo – these mountains have been formed over the years as the geographical remnants of these 3 volcanoes. According to geographers, the mountain formed about 3 million years ago. The highest peak of Mount Kilimanjaro is 5,895 meters. It has been identified as the highest peak on the African continent. Through this, this mountain has taken place in the list of the 6 highest peaks of that continent.

Mount Kilimanjaro
7 highest peaks of the 7 continent

The locals have a beautiful name for its peak – ‘Uhuru’. The word in Swahili means liberation or freedom. Mount Kilimanjaro is truly independent. Most of the mountains in the world are part of one or another mountain range. For example, let’s talk about Mount Everest. Everest, the highest peak in the world, stands in the middle of hundreds of mountains in the Himalayas. But Mount Kilimanjaro does not belong to any mountain range. It is listed as the highest peak in the list of free-standing mountain peaks. Volcanic eruptions are thought to have formed open mountains, such as Kilimanjaro.

Mount Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro three volcanoes

Historians are unsure of the origin of Mount Kilimanjaro. According to popular belief, the origin of the word Kilimanjaro is due to the union of the two words ‘Kilima’ in Swahili and ‘Enjaro’ in Chaga. These two words mean ‘mountain’ and ‘white’ respectively. Named after the ‘white’ color of the snow-capped peak of Kilimanjaro. Kilimanjaro has another conventional meaning. Europeans used to pronounce ‘Kilimanjaro’, a word that existed in the Chaga language. The word literally meant ‘failed to climb’.

Kilimanjaro’s earliest inclusion in the pages of history is found in Ptolemy’s writings. The Tanzanian peak is mentioned as a snow island in the sky. From time immemorial, various nomadic tribes have settled at the foot of the mountain, which is fertile with snow water. Archaeologists in the area have unearthed traces of ancient agrarian society. However, in the evolution of time, these patterns will not be so noticeable now. The region was also important to Chinese and Arab merchants. Chinese scholars of the 6th century have mentioned this mountain in their manuscripts.

An important article about Kilimanjaro in the modern era was written by a priest named Johan Rebman. The manuscript, published in 1849, was not very popular among the scholars of that time. In 1885, the mountain was annexed by the German colony. German documents refer to it as the “highest peak of the German Muluk”. Hans Meyer became the first European to win it.

In 1889 he climbed to the top of the Kibo section of the mountain. It later became part of the British colony. It was part of the British Empire until Tanzania gained independence in 1961. After a period of independence in 1973, Kilimanjaro National Park was created with an area of ​​1668 sq km to preserve it.

The mountain, composed of ash, lava, and rock, is a stratovolcano. Of the three volcanoes mentioned earlier, Shira and Mawenji are now almost dead. As a result, there is no possibility of an eruption from these two in the future. But another volcano, Kibo, is now dormant. Although eruptions have not occurred here in the last 10,000 years, the possibility of future eruptions cannot be ruled out. The last major eruption from the Kilimanjaro volcano occurred 360,000 years ago. Kibo’s position is between Shira and Mawenji.

It is the highest volcano in Kilimanjaro and its peak is known as the highest peak in Africa. This peak was formed about 4 lakh 60 thousand years ago from today. Mawenji’s height is 3,825 meters. It is the 3rd highest peak in Africa. Other volcanic veins are no longer considered peaks. It’s a lot like a plateau. However, it is believed that at one time there was a peak 16 thousand feet high.

It is located 205 miles from the equator, which divides the earth into two parts, the northern and southern hemispheres. In the equatorial region, the sun gives heat vertically, so the temperature is higher. For this reason, ancient explorers could not believe the sight of the ice on the summit of Kilimanjaro. Scientists believe that during the Earth’s ice age, glaciers freeze at low temperatures and create ice at its peak. In 1912, 11.4 sq km was determined by measuring the volume of ice at its peak.

But as a result of climate change, the amount of this ice continues to decrease year after year. In 2011, its area decreased by about 85% to 1.76 sq km. It is feared that its ice will be completely lost by 2040. However, environmentalists have identified deforestation as the main reason behind global warming. That’s why about 5 million trees were planted at the foot of the mountain in 2008 to protect the ice of Kilimanjaro.

Another unique feature of Kilimanjaro is that you can see 5 different climatic layers from the foot of the mountain to the top. The climate near the foothills is temperate and stable throughout the year. Cultivable climate prevails up to an altitude of about 1800 m. Then the rainforest level begins. The temperature here is a bit warm and the air is humid. The wetland climate level starts after an altitude of about 2800 meters. Its air from the rainforest is drier and the temperature is lower. From then on the temperature at each level decreases and the air becomes drier.

The desert climate begins at an altitude of 4,000 meters. There is no smell of life here. The Arctic climate level exists from 5,000 meters to the top of the mountain. This layer is rocky and covered with ice. The diversity of climatic variations has made it unique.

Mount Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro has different climate levels depending on the altitude

The Kilimanjaro Mountains have been inhabited by various ethnic groups since ancient times. Several other small tribes, including the Wakoningo and Bantu Pygmies, settled here. At one point, the Wakoningoras fled from the Umbu nation. Another nation called Wangasa is found here. The nation claims to have lived in the Kilimanjaro region since ancient times. Then the Wachaga people arrived here 400 years ago. After many years of war and conflict, at one point in time, all of them united under the leadership of one leader.

Mount Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro Chaga People

The Chaga people are still the largest ethnic group in the history of Tanzania. During the German colonization, the members of this nation moved away from their own customs and traditions to touch Western culture. However, they still identify themselves as Chaga. The most valuable resources in Chaga society are bananas and coffee. The ancient exchange system was prevalent in this society for a long time. In the last century, they have started trading in currency.

Mount Kilimanjaro Trek

Mount Kilimanjaro is an interesting place for mountaineers. Every year more than 30,000 climbers try to reach the summit of Kilimanjaro. This attraction is because Kilimanjaro is easier to climb than other mountain peaks. But surprisingly, about 50% of climbers fail to reach the top. This is mainly due to its high altitude causing illness and attempts to climb the wrong path. Marangu is the shortest way to reach the summit of Kilimanjaro. But this is the way to go. On the other hand, professional mountaineers have said that it is easier to reach the top on the longest routes.

Swiss climber Carl Igloff holds the world record for the shortest time climbing and descending on Kilimanjaro. He climbed to the top of this mountain in 2014 in just 6 hours and 42 minutes and came down again. The record holder for female riders is Anne-Marie Flammersfield of Germany. It took him 12 hours and 58 minutes to get to the top.

Many riders carry their own food without the help of locals. Simon Mtui of Tanzania holds the record for the fastest ascent and descent. It took him 9 hours and 19 minutes to record this in 2006. Many have climbed to the top of this mountain with their thumbs up. The youngest American woman to hold the record for mountain climbing is Ann Larimore.

At the age of 89, he won the Kilimanjaro. On the other hand, the American boy Qualtan Tener won at the youngest age. He reached the top when he was only 6 years old. Kilimanjaro winners can all express their feelings in a diary kept at the top. There are also some weird records about Kilimanjaro. In addition to the highest cricket match, Pizza Hut set a world record in 2016 by delivering pizza to the summit of Kilimanjaro. The tallest tree in Africa has been found in Kilimanjaro. The Swahili Mkukusu tree is about 600 years old. Its scientific name is Entandrophragma excelsum.

Mount Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro is an African heritage

In 1987, Tanzania, one of Africa’s most famous Kilimanjaro, was inscribed on the UN World Heritage List. In addition, this mountainous region grows rare species of trees that are not found anywhere else in the world. For this reason, the forest surrounding the mountain has also made a part of the tradition in 2005.

FAQs

Q. Can a beginner climb Kilimanjaro?

A. Kilimanjaro is suitable for beginners; they do very well. The best advice is for everyone to arrive in great shape.

Q. How much money does it cost to climb Mount Kilimanjaro?

A. The average cost to climb Kilimanjaro is $2000 to $6000.

Q. Can you shower on Kilimanjaro?

A. Yes.

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