Egyptian Gods List And Description – Top 11 Best Egyptian Gods

Egyptian Gods List And Description: There has never been a lack of interest in our knowledge of the ancient world. Research is still being done on what they did, how they moved, what their diet was. Egypt has the longest and richest history in the world. The first country to read the history of the ancient era of civilization in Egypt, the land of the pyramids. An amazing civilization has been created there since ancient times. Which still amazes historians, archaeologists, architects.

Egyptian Gods List And Description
Egyptian Gods List And Description

Egyptian Gods List And Description

Egyptian Goddess Names: The way of life of the ancient Egyptians were quite mysterious. They were more afraid of death, thinking that there is life after death. For this purpose, a pyramid was built, and mummified corpses were placed in it. With all the valuable resources given.

Egyptian civilization, one of the oldest civilizations in the world, has survived for more than four thousand years. The civilization developed on the long fertile land on both sides of the Nile. This fertile land was bounded by a vast expanse of desert. The arid slopes and high sandstones formed by its flanks separated the desert to the east from the Lahit Sea and to the west from the Sahara Desert.

The ancient Egyptian civilization of Heliopolis and Memphis (present-day), located on the Nile River, south of what is now Abu Simbel to the north, before the impassable vast wetlands adjoining the Mediterranean delta.

Near Cairo). All the philosophies of the inhabitants of ancient Egypt were formed around this Nile. This philosophy also played a huge role in the imagination and origin of the gods and goddesses there.

Egyptian Gods List And Description

egyptian goddess names

  • Osiris.
  • Isis.
  • Horus.
  • Seth.
  • Ptah.
  • Re.
  • Hathor.
  • Anubis.
  • Thoth
  • Bastet
  • Amon

Egyptian Gods List And Description

11 Egyptian Gods: The ancient Egyptians believed that the earth was the land on both sides of the Nile. They even thought that the sun was made from this water. This sun has made the land here cultivable with its own heat. The life of the earth and Ala was also born from this sun. The ancient Egyptians observed that as the Nile flows from south to north, the sun rises and sets.

The sun crosses the Nile in a certain curved path from east to west. Every evening the sun is lost on the western edge. They thought the sky swallowed the sun. The Egyptians also believed that the sun reappears at night and rises again the next day on the eastern horizon.

From ancient times the Egyptians built their religion on this observation. Surprisingly, although their religious philosophy revolved around the Nile, the Egyptians never included the river in their list of gods or goddesses. However, many gods and goddesses have been born from the influence of various natural phenomena caused by this river. One such deity is ‘Happy’.

Egyptian Gods List And Description: This ‘happy’ was the god of the flood of the Nile and the abundance created from it. A myth related to the god Osiris is associated with the power of the vast waters of the Nile that floated around, reviving and fertilizing the land adjacent to the Nile.

Egyptian goddess Osiris
Egyptian goddess Osiris

Every year the shores of the Nile were flooded. The religious philosophy of resurrection after death has been created in the post-flood period. From the recurrence of land on both sides of the Nile. This idea originated in Egypt during the Eastern Dynasty. Egyptians. The Nile was believed to have originated from a large cave. And the source of the primitive water is the underground sea ‘Nan’ which is constantly supplying water to this cave.

Egyptian Goddess Names: According to their theory, the universe was created from this nan and the earth is floating on the huge body of nan. And this water is continuing to supply water to the Nile through various restructuring. They believed that this stream of water was eternal and unchangeable. They also believed that the sun god Atum Ra, the creator of all things, originated from this primitive sea, Nan. The ancient Egyptians believed that Atam Ra was the first god to create all the other gods, humans, and other creatures on earth with the help of the magic ball of the god Heka in the formless state of the world before creation.

Sun god Atum Ra

11 Egyptian Gods: In this context, it is necessary to say a few words about the god Heka. Heka, the god of medicine and sorcery, is the symbol of the primitive ball, the future control of all the gods, and a force capable of creation. “The Egyptians believed that the gods had the power to give people all the good, but only the god Heka had the power to allow them to do so.

Egyptian Goddess Names: The sun god ‘Atamra’ created the first two gods.‘Tefnat’ is actually moist air and ‘Shu’ is basically dry air. They created the god Zeb (earth) and the goddess Nat (sky). The combination of Zeb and Nat gives birth to the goddesses Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephthys. According to the legend of Osiris, Heliopolis had a court of law for the first of the nine gods, Enid, whose first god was Atamra. This idea of ​​a world based on the Nile has repeatedly appeared in Egyptian religious art as a key element of art.

11 Egyptian Gods: Many architectural and painting works have been found where the goddess ‘Nat’ is seen as a naked woman, who is held by the god ‘Shu’ in such a way that she does not fall on her sleeping, husband god ‘Jeb’. Every evening the goddess ‘Nat’ swallowed the sun and gave birth to him again the next morning. Many times the stars could be seen all over the body of the goddess ‘Nat’.

Egyptian Gods Shu
Egyptian Gods Shu

Although the Egyptians’ religious philosophy was simply based on observation, their practical religious beliefs were quite complex. There were also many types of deities in the temples scattered in different places. Roughly speaking, the culture of the Egyptians was completely influenced by religious beliefs.

The structure of the social system was based on a strong priesthood. In this structure, God used to divide people into different classes through Pharaohs and carry out religious discipline. Different deities were specific for different natural phenomena. It is believed that these gods and goddesses control everything that happens around the world from behind the scenes. The Egyptians believed that these gods were the controllers of the destiny of the country and its people. The pharaohs and priests, the rulers of the country, were responsible for the complex religious practices of the gods and the maintenance of their idols.

Egyptian Goddess Names

On the other hand, the common people of the country used to worship the deities established in the temples and shrines of their villages. The gods and goddesses of different regions and their methods of worship are often different. But the Pharaoh and the high priests never objected or interfered in the matter. These regional deities were often seen in different regions with slightly different names. Historians studying the ancient Egyptians have more than a thousand such deities found.

Since the foundations of the Egyptian religious philosophy were formed on the observation of everyday nature, the shapes of their deities have similarities with the various animals, plants, and natural phenomena of visible nature. The Egyptians had many gods, but they never had a problem. They seldom abandoned the old gods for the emergence of a new one. The Egyptians were adept at reorganizing different deities based on different regional beliefs, customs, or ideals. A great example of this is the god ‘Amun Ra‘.

Egyptian Goddess Names: Amun, the most powerful deity established as a king in the new Egyptian kingdom from 1570 to 1069 BC, is associated with the early Egyptian deity Ra. The new name is ‘Amun Ra’. The evolution of various pujas and deities was a natural phenomenon for the Egyptians and a demand of the time. It is not uncommon in Egypt for local deities to be worshiped throughout the kingdom. There are also many examples of the role of gods and goddesses evolving

11 Egyptian Gods: Osiris, the god associated with the fertility of land known even before the establishment of the monarchy, was established as the most popular deity in the new kingdom. The goddess of war, Nith, later became the mother goddess, to whom all the goddesses went to settle disputes. The early mother goddess, on the other hand, was later transformed into the goddess of protecting humans from poisonous animals. She was also seen as a goddess who protects women and children. At times this change was dramatic. Such the god ‘Seth’ who was a heroic protector later became a demon killer.

11 Egyptian Gods: The greatest example of change, however, was Sekhmet, the daughter of the original god Ra, who was the god of destruction and healing. There is a myth about his change. The god ‘Ra’, annoyed by the sins of the people, sent the goddess ‘Sekhmet’ to punish them. Later, at the request of the gods, to control the goddess Viva intoxicated with blood, ‘Ra’ made ‘Sekhmet’ drink red wine to see in the blood. After drinking those wines, Sekhmet fell asleep.

When she woke up, she became the goddess of music, dance, love, and intoxication. Sekhmet’s body was like a woman’s, but her head was like a lion’s. Osiris was one of the deities worshiped throughout Egypt. This blue god was the god of the abyss. Isis, the wife of Osiris, was a goddess of great power. She was the goddess of life and its reconstruction.

11 Egyptian Gods: The fox’s son Anubis, the son of the goddess Nephthys, was the god of graveyards and mummification. In ancient Egypt, foxes were often seen picking up corpses from graveyards. It is believed that the idea of ​​the head came from Anubis’s fox. Priests associated with the mummification of the bodies of ancient Egyptian kings also wore imitations in imitation of Anubis. The ugly dwarf god ‘Base’ with long ears and long hair and beard was a pregnant woman and the protector of the family.

Anubis

The name of the most common of the next line of deities is ‘Mat’. This goddess was the guardian of morality by putting feathers on her head. Khum, the god of sheep’s head, was a replica of our potter. The head of ‘Set’, the god of negative action and destruction, was the creature of a strange vision.

11 Egyptian Gods: Bastet, the merciful goddess of the cat’s head, was the guardian of the newborn children. Cats were considered so sacred in ancient Egypt that a Roman warrior was once convicted of killing a cat. This goddess was known as Bast, Bastet, Ubasti, and Pakh. Seeing him as the custodian of different things, his form was also different. At first, Bastet was thought to be the goddess of protection in the lowlands of Egypt. That is why he could be seen as a lion then. She was later considered the goddess of security and blessings and the protector of women, children, and cats. She also remembers the goddess of sunrise, music, dance, joy, family, fertility, and birth.

The god Thot had a face like the head of a stork. He is the god of intellect and knowledge. The god Thatta was also responsible for overseeing the government work of the gods. According to the crocodile, the head of the ‘Sebek’, the lord of wetlands and wetlands. Sebek was the god of water. Along with this, ‘Sabek’ was also the god of medicine and surgery. Heras, the god of the hawk’s head, was the god of strength and healing. The right eye of this deity with the hawk’s head is considered to be the symbol of the sun and the left eye is considered to be the symbol of the moon.

The trinity of Thebes was revered by all these deities. The king of the gods is the sun god ‘Amun Ra’, his wife ‘Mat’ and their son the moon god ‘Khaen Su’.

11 Egyptian Gods

Not only did the Egyptian gods resemble the anatomy of animals, but a black bull with a special white color was worshiped in Egypt from 3200 BC to 362 AD for about 36 years. They were called ‘Apis’. The people of Egypt believed that worshiping Apis would improve their well-being and Egypt. That is why when Apis died, the Egyptians kept shaking until the priests traveled all over the country to find another such bull. During this time people all over the country ate only vegetarian food. The inauguration of the new app is very solemn. Memphis was the center of this puja of Apis.

Conclusion11 Egyptian Gods

In general, however, the gods and goddesses of Egypt are composed of a combination of humans and animals. Although there are many deities with human bodies and animal heads, there are also deities in the form of human beings in the history of Egypt. Such as Shu, Jeb, Min, Ta. What has been known so far about this diversity of Egyptian deities and their origins from various archaeological studies is truly unparalleled. And this is what has attracted people from all over the world to the gods of Egypt for ages.

Egyptian Goddess Names

FAQs

Q. Who is the most powerful Egyptian god?

A. Isis – The most powerful and popular goddess in Egyptian history. Also Known As “Mother of the Gods”.

Q. Is RA a god?

A. Ra was believed to rule in all parts of the created world: the sky, the Earth, and the underworld. He was the god of the sun, order, kings, and the sky.

Q. Does anyone still worship Egyptian gods?

A. Yes, there are people who are still devotees of the ancient Gods in southern Egypt.

Q. 11 Egyptian Gods?

A. Osiris, Isis, Horus, Seth, Ptah, Re, Hathor, Anubis, Thot, Bastet, Amon

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