Dover White Peak: A Unique Natural Monument Rich In History And Heritage

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Dover White Peak

The sea is calm tonight.
The tide is full, the moon lies fair
Upon the straits; on the French coast the light
Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand,
Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay.

  • Dover Beach, Matthew Arnold

This is how the poet Matthew Arnold’s poem ‘Dover Beach‘ mentions the cliffs of England. The white peaks of Dover, standing majestically by the sea, are part of England’s literature, history, and heritage. This white-faced country, facing Europe, is one of the country’s natural wonders. Known as the ‘gateway to the country’, these peaks have been blocked by several military operations. He saved England from the inevitable aggression of Hitler’s Nazis, starting with Julius Caesar. This is like a vigilant guard at the border. So the British have a different attitude towards this peak.

Dover White Peak

These white peaks are 10 miles wide on a beach in Dover, Kent County, England. These peaks are the lowest point in France (about 20 miles) from England. If you look at these peaks from a distance of about 300 feet high, you will understand that you have reached England. Soldiers went to war, especially during the war, saying goodbye to the Dover peaks. At the end of the war, they returned to the country with the first greeting of this peak. Hence it is known as the natural gateway to the country.

Dover White Peak

Looking at this white peak, it seems that these white mountains have come up directly from the sea. The whiteness of these hand-painted peaks, which look like the trembling hands of many children, has caught the eye of tourists from all over the world.

dover cliffs weather: The Way It Was Formed

The white peaks of England will fascinate you at first. Curiosity will be aroused to see its structure immediately, how was this white peak formed? These white peaks were formed during the ice age in the history of the world. The time is about 3.7 million years ago. Its main component is limestone. However, 70 million years ago, the land of present-day England was submerged under the sea.

The lower surface of that seawater was made up of white mud. And this mud layer was formed mainly by the structure of the algae called Cocolith. Cockholith algae were then floating in the seawater. The white mud formed by the skeletal structure of the coccyx was once transformed into limestone by various modifications.

However, this change was not achieved in one or two years. It has taken millions of years. The rate of accumulation of this limestone was very slow. Only half a millimeter of limestone was deposited every year. This half-millimeter limestone contained 180 algae structures. As the limestone accumulates at this slow speed, a layer of limestone 500 meters wide is formed here. In addition to cockroaches, fossils of many extinct marine animals, including sponges and snails, are hidden in this limestone. Moreover, towards the end of the Ice Age, there was an invasion of limestone from the English Channel, which is believed to have created present-day England.

However, a large amount of algae is required to form something as wide as a white peak. In general, these algae populations are controlled by competition with other microorganisms. So the question remains, what caused the algae population to explode to form the white peak? Oceanographers have come up with a number of explanations for this. One of the notable explanations is that nitrates, iron, and silicate play a major role in the growth and propagation of seaweeds called coccolith and diatom.

If the amount of iron in any part of the sea is high, the level of reproduction of these two algae increases. When the amount of iron and silicate is high, the growth of diatoms surpasses that of coccolith. In addition, high levels of nitrate and a small amount of iron increase cochlear growth. Experts believe that such an environment is responsible for the high rate of cochlear implants here. These peaks have formed here due to such high lineage for millions of years.

In The Pages Of History

The name of this white peak is associated with some important events in the history of England. The main reason for this was that the enemy chose this route to enter England. The highlands of Dover then provided a military and strategic advantage to the English. Julius Caesar, one of the greatest Roman emperors in history, also invaded England through the Dover Strait. This peak in the pages of history took place at that time – in 55 BC. Julius Caesar attacked the sea with two Roman legions of Seba.

As they approached Dover Beach, Caesar’s forces caught sight of these white peaks. Crowds of armed soldiers are waiting at the top of the summit to push back Caesar’s forces.

The warrior Caesar realized that the enemy was ahead of him by taking full advantage of the geographical position. So he failed to anchor there. Instead, he changed his mind and anchored at Deal’s shore. Since then, these peaks have been considered natural forts and watchmen in the history of the country. After his exile, King Charles II set foot on Dover Beach in May 1660. This peak has witnessed this important history.

In the Iron Age, forts have been erected on the eve of the East to prevent the aggression of the enemy. These forts, built in the eleventh century, were later renovated. In addition to the fort, several tunnels were dug in different parts of the peak. These tunnels were used as hospitals during the First World War. These tunnels were also used in World War II. Gathered hereafter the rescue of British troops from Dunkirk.

Several chambers were built in the tunnel. One of them was used as the wartime private office of the then Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill. At Churchill’s direction artillery was deployed to important parts of the peaks. Anti-aircraft weapons were also kept here.

The Remains Of A Shipwreck

When you reach the top of Dover, you will see the wreckage of two ships submerged in the sea. The two ships that sank in the last century are the SS Falcon and the Prussian. The two ships sank in the Dover Strait after an accident. The SS Falcon was a steamer-powered steamer. The ship, loaded with marijuana and matchboxes, caught fire at sea in 1926. The ship was then buried there.

And Prussian was sunk by another ship in 1910. As a sailor, Prussian collided with another ship, the RMS Brighton, en route. Then he drowned there. From the top of Dover, visitors can look back at these two ships as if they were going back in time. So the two ships have become one of the most spectacular objects.

The Pinnacle Of Dover In Literature

Not only has it witnessed war, resistance, and historical events, but it has also found its place in the brainchild of various writers. These peaks have become a source of inspiration and inspiration in various branches of literature including poetry, novels, and plays. One of the earliest examples of this is the memoir of Julius Caesar. There he mentions the peak of Dover in commemorating his England expedition.

The beginning of this article is mentioned in the famous poem ‘Dover Beach‘ by the poet Matthew Arnold. In this poem, he describes the high peaks of England. The pinnacle of this poem, written in 1867, is the white pinnacle of Dover. The famous playwright William Shakespeare was inspired to write his famous play ‘King Lear’ at this peak. That is why a peak named after him is called ‘Shakespeare’s peak’.

Modern literature also describes this place. Ian Fleming wrote the original novel for the James Bond action movie series. Like Shakespeare, he was inspired to write in the whiteness of this peak. So sitting in a cottage called Mermaid Cottage at the foot of the summit, he has written several James Bond novels. In the novel Moonraker, the villain tries to blow up the peak by bombing to kill James Bond.


As we already know, there are many prehistoric marine and terrestrial fossils hidden on the top of the Dover, in addition to the cocoon. Scientists have confirmed that there are fossils of many extinct animals in them. As a result, the importance of this white peak has become apparent to researchers. Several of these fossils have been recovered through excavations.

These have been identified as fossils of extinct marine life from the Cretaceous. This era lasted 145.5 to 66 million years ago. These prehistoric fossils will give us a clear picture of the world at that time. Using this knowledge, it will be possible to make important discoveries about the development and spread of life on earth.

Among the fossils recovered here are the names of ancient shark teeth, various species of sea urchins, ventriculites, various species of sponges, saurians, brain corals. Extensive research is being done on these fossils in various museums and laboratories. By capitalizing on the researched knowledge, answers to various unknown questions are found.

Symbol Of Peace Dover White Peak

There is nothing new about the brutality and horror of World War II. The whole of Europe was terrified of the Nazis. Poems, songs, and lyric poems were composed to keep the morale of the soldiers at bay when the Nazi aggression was eye-popping in England after the fall of France. The most famous of these was Vera Lynn’s song “The White Cliffs of Dover”. Throughout the war, this song became the food for dreaming of a beautiful future.

“There’ll be love and laughter, and peace ever after, tomorrow, when the world is free …” With that historic song, those white peaks in Dover have become a symbol of peace ever since. These peaks were the first sightings of the homeland of all the warriors who went to and returned from the war. This eternal symbol of patriotism and peace is a unique symbol for patriots all over the world.

Dover White Peak

Sadly, however, Dover’s white supremacy is under threat today. This extraordinary pattern formed from the skeletons of algae in the Ice Age is slowly eroding. In 2001 and 2013, a large part of this peak was eroded and collapsed. The rate of erosion is also increasing with time. Scientists have blamed climate change and ocean storms for this. As a result of climate change, the sea level is rising. This will result in massive erosion of Dover peaks in the future due to strong waves.

According to environmentalists, this is due to various man-made problems outside of natural causes. It is not easy to believe that the white peak of Dover, which attracts thousands of tourists every year, will be lost in the bosom of nature. It is an international symbol surpassing England. It is desirable to take effective and long-term steps in its preservation for the sake of history, heritage, and nature.

Dover White Peak | Dover White Cliffs | White Cliffs Of Dover | Dover Cliffs Weather


Q. How long does it take to walk the White Cliffs of Dover?

A. DISTANCE – 10 miles (16 km) linear walk. 3-4 hours walking time.

Q. Who owns Dover White Cliffs?

A. The National Trust, a UK based charity protecting historic places and green spaces, owns and manages a 7-kilometer stretch of the White Cliffs of Dover

Q. What is special about the White Cliffs of Dover?

A. White Cliffs of Dover crossing at Dover was the primary route to the continent before the advent of air travel, the white line of cliffs also formed the first or last sight of Britain for travelers.

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