Charak Samhita – The Father Of Ayurvedic Medicine, Contribution To Medical Science

Charak Samhita: According to Girindranath Mukherjee’s History of Indian Medicine, Charak was probably born in Kashmir at some point between 600 BC and 200 AD, that is, at a time of 800 years. He gained fame by putting an end to human anger and misery.

Charak Samhita - The Father Of Ayurvedic Medicine, Contribution To Medical Science

Contribution Of Charaka In Ayurveda

He acquired knowledge of medicine from Vedic eminent physicians like Braya, Prajapati, Ashwini Kumar, Dhanvantari, Indra, Bharadwaj, Atreya, etc. The ancient Buddhist text Tripitaka states that Charak was a royal physician during the reign of Kanishka in the first century AD. He did not do this alone. Another ancient physician by the name of Dirdhabal reformed the later chapters of the Medicine Scripture. Medicine Scripture is still the most informative book on medicine.

Charak Samhita

The book is divided into 4 stages, 
1) Sukrakhan, (2) Nidanasthan, (3) Bimankhan, (4) Sharirasthan, (5) Indriyasthan, (6) Chikitsasthan, (7) Kalpasthan (8) sidha sthan. These are again divided into 120 chapters.

(i) Sutras have mentioned the symptoms and needs of Ayurveda, the description of physical and mental defects, and the cause of the origin of various diseases.

(ii) Diagnosis contains details of the differences, stages, and symptoms of anger.

(iii) The effectiveness of acidic juice at the airport and its role in the root cause of various ailments have been discussed.

(iv) The distinction of anger has been determined according to the anatomy of the body.

(v) The origin of anger in the senses The role of the senses is described in detail.

(vi) Medical treatment is the most important part of the Charaka Samhita. The causes of various fits of rage and ways to cure them are discussed here. Many incurable diseases, such as tuberculosis, cancer, etc. are mentioned in this section.

(vii) Details of product quality testing and the making of medicines from different plants have been given in the imaginary place.

(viii) The method of quick recovery from various ailments and the method of taking medicine have been described in detail at Siddhasthan.

In the nineteenth century, the Charak Samhita was translated into various European languages. Modern Ayurvedic medicine has been created mainly following the Charaksanghita. Charak thought that the living world and man were composed of the five elements – Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Sky. Also, the sixth element is Jiva or Brahma. Charak had enough knowledge about nutrition, metabolism, and immunity. He has mentioned some indications regarding the sex determination of the child in the mother’s womb. Genetics and its knowledge are known.

Charaka Contribution In Medical Field


1. Charak is the founder of Ayurvedic medicine. He is called the father of Ayurveda.

2. The book ‘Charak-Sanhita’ written by him is divided into 120 chapters

3. Charak first mentions digestion, metabolism, and immunity by noticing various human symptoms.

4. Tridoshabad can be said to be a contribution of Charak. According to him, the human body has three stages, such as bile, spit, and wind. A lack of balance between these three makes the human body sick. This is called trinity. Current Ayurveda practitioners also believe in the trinity.

5. He had special knowledge of the science of reproduction. He used a number of cues in the context of determining the sex of an organism in the womb.

6. His profound knowledge about the origin and expression of living beings is found.


What is the contribution of Charak?

He wrote a very eminent work known as the “Charak Samhita“. He was the one who contributed to human anatomy, blood circulation, embryology, pharmacology, and diseases such as tuberculosis, diabetes, heart disease, etc.

Who is called the Father of Ayurveda?

Charaka is called the ‘Father of Ayurveda’.

When was Charaka born?

300 BC.

What is written in Charaka Samhita?

Charak Samhita describes ancient theories on the human body, etiology, symptomatology, and therapeutics for a wide range of diseases.

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