Cause Of Malaria: This four-letter word is enough to scare any human being. In this world, this country, and West Bengal, this rage is rampant everywhere. At one time, innumerable Populations fell into the clutches of this rage and became desolate. There are many examples of people leaving the land for fear of malaria. So malaria has always been a cause of fear in the history of human civilization.
The World Health Organization reports that in 2019, about 229 million people worldwide were infected with malaria. About 4 lakh people lost their lives in this. Although medicine is advancing at a rocket speed, these disappointing statistics are really worrying. So everyone should know the details about this rage. Only then is it possible to fight the disease.
Cause Of Malaria
Malaria is caused by a parasitic infection called Plasmodium. There are roughly five species of this parasite. Of these five species, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum are the two most notable.
Malaria Causes: Malaria Mosquito Are The Root Of Diseases
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease. The female Anopheles mosquito spreads the disease. There are several species of Anopheles mosquitoes. Anaphylaxis Stephensae species is responsible for the spread of malaria in Kolkata and adjoining areas. These mosquitoes usually live in clear deposits or slow-flowing water.
How To Spread Malaria?
First, the female Anopheles mosquito bites a malaria-infected person. Then the malaria virus reaches the body of the mosquito. This time, when the infected mosquito bites a healthy person, the germs reach his body. The man contracted malaria. This is how the malaria infection spreads cyclically.
symptom of malaria
The main symptom of this rage is fever. The fever comes with shivering. The strange feature of malaria fever is that the fever comes at a certain time. That is, if the fever comes at noon today, the fever will come at the same time tomorrow or the day after. There are two stages of malaria fever. First comes the cold stage. At this stage the fever comes with shivering, and the rage feels cold. Ragi put clothes, sheets, and blankets on him.
In the second part comes the hot stage. At this point, the rage starts to get hot. The angry man opened the lid of his body. There is intense sweating. Gradually decrease body temperature. Then the fever comes again at a certain time except for one or two days. This is the cycle of malaria fever. In addition to fever, there may be severe headaches, nausea, or vomiting.
When the disease reaches a critical stage, it is called malignant malaria. After a long period of treatment for malaria, the fever does not go down, the medicine is not taken orally due to repeated vomiting, numbness, fatigue, mental confusion, convulsions, and urinary incontinence – such symptoms should be understood as rage malignant malaria.
Most of the time, P. falciparum is behind malignant malaria. But let me say here, not all P. falciparum infections will cause malignant malaria, but not that. p. vivax malaria, on the other hand, does not usually reach a critical stage. However, in a few cases, p. vivax can cause worse conditions.
Diagnosis Of Malaria
The only way to diagnose malaria is with a blood test. However, once the blood test report is negative, it does not mean that the patient has malaria, this conclusion cannot be reached. In this case, a blood test has to be done for three consecutive days. Then when the report came negative, it can be said loudly that there was no malaria. Now the question may come to your mind why? The answer is, first of all, that in the early stages of the disease, the amount of parasites in the blood of the patient is low. As a result, blood tests at that time can detect the presence of germs in many cases.
Second, due to the negligence of the laboratory, it is often not possible to find the germs. When the malaria report is positive, there is also mention of the parasitic species. In other words, it is written in the report whether Ragi is infected with P. falciparum or p. vivax.
Malaria treatment: In the case of common malaria, rage is treated at home. All types of malaria can be treated with chloroquine at one time But now it is like that. This is because falciparum malaria chloroquine has become resistant in many places, including Kolkata. Chloroquine resistance here means that the drug chloroquine no longer works to treat this rage.
However, do not be anxious to read this line. It is possible to treat this anger through alternative medicine. ACT is currently the national drug for the treatment of P. falciparum malaria. After completing the course of ACT medication, the prescribed dose of primaquine is taken for one day. p. vivax malaria, on the other hand, is initially treated with the drug chloroquine. Then primaquine is taken for 14 days. But the problem is that the treatment of p. vivax malaria does not kill all the germs in the body without taking the right dose at the right time. In that case, the parasite ambushes into the liver. In this condition, all the symptoms subside.
It seems that Raegi has recovered. But after a while, the hidden germs started showing their game. Germs begin to increase in number in the body. As a result, the man became infected with malaria again. The name of this case is Malaria Reliance. Therefore, when treating p. vivax patients, caution should be exercised in diagnosing the dose. In this case, the rage is also known, what kind of problems can occur if the course is not completed. During the treatment, the patient has to stay under a mosquito net. Eat nutritious food. Only then is it possible to fight diseases?
On the other hand, in the case of malignant malaria, there is no risk. After being admitted to the hospital, different types of treatment are given as per the need.
- Accumulated water is the habitat of mosquitoes. So do not allow water to accumulate around the house. Keep any place where water can accumulate, including tubs, tires, and abandoned cisterns, clean.
- Sleep with a mosquito net.
- Keep windows and doors closed in the evening.
- If there are any symptoms of malaria get medical treatment.
Q. What are the 5 types of malaria?
A. Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum), Plasmodium malariae (or P. malaria), Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax), Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale), Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi).
Q. What is the malaria death rate?
A. Internationally, malaria is responsible for approximately 1-3 million deaths per year. Of these deaths, the overwhelming majority are in children aged 5 years or younger, and 80-90% of the deaths each year are in rural sub-Saharan Africa.
Q. How does malaria exit the body?
A. Once the parasites enter your body, they leave the liver and infect your red blood cells.
Q. Is malaria a virus?
A. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood.
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